Participation of the Czech Republic in international governmental and non-governmental organizations affects the professional activity level in investigating air accidents through exchange of information, experience and methods. Coordination in taking prevention and safety measures makes for substantial increase in air traffic safety. The following survey provides just basic information on these activities.
The Czechoslovak Republic was one of the 52 founding countries that formed in Chicago the Convention on International Civil Aviation (further the Convention) in 1944.
In the field of civil aviation the Czech Republic follows Council Directive 3922/91 of 16-12-1991/EC on harmonization of regulations and administration procedures. As of 1-1-2003 JAA issued regulations come into effect in the EU Member States.
ECAC (European Civil Asviation Conference) is in charge of harmonizing civil aviation in European countries in terms of economy of operation, technology and manufacture, particularly through JAA. It is a board consisting of managing directors of bodies of civil aviation state administration.
JAA (Joint Aviation Authorities) are ECAC´s associated members. Becoming a JAA member is conditioned by the ECAC membership. Since 1970 JAA have included the national aviation authorities of countries that have met demanding criteria of adoption.
JAA had originally come into being to push through joint certification procedures for large aircraft and engines (Airbus Industrie). Then their activities were extended to include the operation, maintenance, certification and licensing of all aircraft and air personnel.
The Czech Republic was a candidate country from 26 March 1996 to become a full member on 12
The European organization for the safety of air navigation EUROCONTROL was founded on 13 December 1960 with the aim of following and controlling aircraft movements in the upper atmosphere. The Czech Republic has become a member since 1 January 1996. That implies keeping to ESSARR 2 – 5 regulations in compliance with a Safety Regulation Commission programme.
Membership in the above-stated international organizations called for the foundation of a board for civil aviation. So on 1 April 1997, the Civil Aviation Authority, CAA, (in Czech – ÚCL Úřad pro civiliní letectví) was founded which took over some duties of the former SLI (State Aviation Inspectorate) and played a major role in introducing JAR regulations. Being a national administration board, technical investigation into air accidents is part of its work. The regulations of these international organizations are coordinated in accordance
with §2 of Act 49/1997 Coll.
The Air Accident Investigation Institute is established to commence its work.
On 1 July the Czech name of the Air Accident Investigation Institute ,AAII slightly changed to Ústav pro odborné zjišťování příčin leteckých nehod. This change was based on an amendment to Act 49/1997 Coll. published only in Czech.